The necessity of disarming the Kurdish groups in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Iranian Kurdistan Human Rights Watch (IKHRW) expressed concern about the rising tension between Kurdish parties opposing Iran in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, after it emphasized the necessity while ago.

The armedness of the Kurdish parties opposing Iran has shifted them from the political phase to the armed phase for many years. This approach has led to the expansion of militarism and the security of the Kurdish regions of Iran, which, in addition to the harm caused to the citizens, has also slowed down the development and modernization process in these regions.

In any case, the bloody conflict of the last few days in the camp of Komala party and its split again showed that the use of weapons in Kurdish parties has severely marginalized the field of politics and has expanded the path of violence and extremism. Unfortunately, the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq does not follow the minimum rules of governance and politics, and this region in northern Iraq has practically become a militarized region, where assassinations and killings are reported every day.

The situation in this region and the spread of armed behavior in Kurdish parties opposing Iran have strengthened the speculation that the polarization between these parties within them or with other parties has strengthened the possibility of a general tension.

The history of the behavior of these parties also shows that this speculation is not far-fetched.

For young people who are less familiar with the history of contemporary developments, we quote some cases in the book War of Parties in Kurdistan and remind that if the process of disarming the Kurdish parties does not start quickly, we will definitely meet a serious crisis in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

In December 1979, a number of Komala Peshmerga went to Molanavi village of Saqqez for political and propaganda activities. During the campaign, they were attacked by the Democratic Party and four of them were arrested and another Peshmerga named Hassan Iqbali was wounded. He had escaped and was arrested by the democratic forces and beheaded!!

In 1359, in Bukan, the Peshmerga of the Democratic Party attacked the headquarters of the Peikar Organization, who had previously written an article criticizing the Democratic Party, and killed three of them. In an article in Peikar magazine dated March 6, 1981, the Peikar organization published a report about this attack, according to which, after the armed forces of the Democratic Party entered the building, a Democratic Party one of the wounded people of Peikar was beheaded!!

In 1983, the headquarters of Komala forces in Barde Sur Sardasht was attacked by Peshmerga of the Democratic Party commanded by Mullah Hasan Shiv Seli, one of the members of the central committee of the party. The forces of the Democratic Party beheaded him and 5 others! And they arrested the rest, 4 among those killed in Komle them were teachers! But these were only a warm-up because in September 1984, the Central Committee of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran officially declared a nationwide war against the Komala party.

Three months later, on November 16, 1984 the forces of the Democratic Party attacked the military forces of the Komala Party in Oraman, during which they killed 3 of the Komlala Peshmerga and captured 10 others, who later slaughtered and beheaded all of them!!

According to Komala’s official statement, two of the wounded executioners were being treated in a field hospital that the forces of the Democratic Party executed them in that situation and then burned their bodies!

This is only a small part of the behavior of the Kurdish parties, which continues with ups and downs, so we warn that the best option to end the tensions is to disarm the Kurdish parties opposing Iran in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq by examining the approach of these parties in recent years.

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