Violations of the “right to security” in the Kurdish- and border areas of Iran; What is the duty of the government?

Security means a desirable situation in which a person can ensure that his rights are not violated. The right to security is also a universal right that has been mentioned in authentic international texts and documents. These include Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”. Article 22 of the Declaration states that “Everyone has the right to social security as a member of the community and is entitled, through national efforts and international cooperation, to exercise his economic, social and cultural rights, which are necessary for the free development of his personality.” “It acquired the organization and resources of each country.” Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that “Everyone has the right to enjoy all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, language, religion, political opinion or opinion.” ».

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Article 2, paragraph 2, of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states: “The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to recognize the rights recognized in the present Covenant in respect of all persons within their sovereignty, without distinction as to race, color, sex, language or religion.” “Respect and guarantee political or other beliefs of national or social origin, wealth, lineage or other circumstances.”

Undoubtedly, having security is one of the basic human needs and on the other hand, it is one of the most important and main functions and duties of governments. Therefore, perhaps in a sense, the main human need can be considered security, because other human talents and capacities flourish in security, and if the living and working environment of human beings are insecure, the opportunity for flourishing and emergence of human abilities and talents will not remain.

 

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Political systems, from any basis, consider one of their duties to be the provision of individual and social security. When it is said that security is one of the most basic, obvious and basic human rights, it means that it is as a result of the indisputable and important duties of governments. Therefore, the Iranian government is obliged to protect the rights of all citizens and residents in the land of Iran in the best possible way; Because every Iranian, regardless of ethnicity or religion and place of residence, has the right to enjoy social rights like everyone else.

Now, considering the points mentioned, it is necessary to see how the situation of the border residents, especially the Kurds, in the country is? Given the constant threats in these areas, especially in the western border areas of the country by armed and militant groups, it seems different to life in the metropoles. One of the most important and basic rights of these citizens that is frequently violated is security, which requires special support from the government. In a situation where the actions of these groups cause insecurity for the citizens and cause great hardship to the youth, children, women and the elderly and, consequently, prevent fulfillment of their needs, it is the government that should use its power against its citizens without distinction in their ethnicity, language, religion and belief. Other rights that are subject to the existence of security are also very broad. Including; The right to development. Because development is disabled by insecurity. Investors enter the production sector in different regions when they feel unsure of the return of capital and the security of their property and life.

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When armed groups extort money from manufacturing and industrial workshops; Naturally, we will see an increase in unemployment and corruption. In this space, the government must enter and while increasing investment, at the same time deal with with armed movements, terrorism, extortion and kidnapping and deception of children and adolescents. Therefore, to realize the right to security; The most important institution is the government, which must protect the lives and property of all Iranian citizens, especially in border areas.

The government must provide larger possibilities of employment for the Kurds and at the same time prevent extortion by armed and terrorist groups. Continuation of this extortion process, even in a limited way, will lead to the flight of capital and labor from the region, and the youth will have to go to fake jobs like Kolberi. At the same time, with this process, the development of the Kurdish regions of Iran in various dimensions will be stopped. In fact, these groups want Iranian Kurdistan to remain backward and underdeveloped, in order to lay the groundwork for ethnic and separatist slogans and, of course, to attract better members. To prevent the people from getting attracted by these groups, the government should also focus on improving their living conditions.

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